How Barima Kweku Duah Became Otumfour Osei Tutu IIAsantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II

How Barima Kweku Duah Became Otumfour Osei Tutu II

Here, Akwasi Agyemang broke a critical code but the worse of it was the content of the load. Carrying faeces is a sign of bringing dirt to one's self and automatically disqualifies you from being a ruler of Asantes.

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When Otumfour Opoku Ware II died in 1999, Nana Barima Kweku Duah, now Otumfour Osei Tutu II was not the first person in line as a potential successor to the deceased ruler.

In the Tradition of Asanteman, until the brothers in the royal line have been exhausted, rulership does not transcend to nephews. Akwasi Agyemang was a brother to Otumfour Opoku Ware II and the only male of cause along that line and was, therefore, the next person in line.

Indeed, Akwesi Agyemang lived the most part of his life in the knowledge that he was well placed to lead the Asantes after the demise of brother, the son of his mother’s sister, Opoku Ware II, he revelled at the mention of the name Daakyehene (Future Ruler) because by birth, it was his rightful position.

However, Akwasi Agyemang’s personal life and a record made it impossible for him to be deemed fit for that position and hence Nana Barima Kweku Duah who had the extra advantage of being one of five children Nana Afia Kobi, the Queen Mother who by tradition elects rulers for Asanteman. He was an easy and largely acceptable pick.

How Akwasi Agyemang lost it

During the 1979 Coup D’ Tat, Akwasi Agyemang was the Chairman of Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA), as part of the activities that characterized the revolution, key people were arrested and given all sorts of treatment as punishment.

Akwasi Agyemang was one of the prominent people at KMA and so was arrested as part of the revolution.  

First of all, joining politics was very much frowned upon for royals and more importantly, potential heir apparent. In view of this, it dented his reputation to an extent.

As part of the punishment, he was made to carry a toilet in a bucket.

It is said that Oyoko ba mbo kashire (kashire is a cloth folded in a ring form to provide support for the head when carrying loads)

In view of this, by barring children of Oyoko from using ‘kashire’, it implied a total ban from carrying anything on the head.

Here, Akwasi Agyemang broke a critical code but the worse of it was the content of the load. Carrying faeces is a sign of bringing dirt to one’s self and automatically disqualifies you from being a ruler of Asantes.

Akwasi Agyemang would later become a close friend of Rawlings and a key member of the NDC that when we entered constitutional rule in 92, Rawlings made him the boss of KMA.

With this position, Akwasi Agyemang’s chances were going to finally hit rock bottom.

As if his unpopular switch to the NDC was not enough, his era as KMA boss was marked by violence and intimidations he was closely linked to. He was accused of leading a demolition exercise that vandalised properties of squatters while some of them were still indoors and hence killing scores of people along the line.

As the KMA Boss, Akwasi Agyemang functioned as though a ring leader of a cartel. No KMA boss has been accused of anything close to his level of violence and intimidations in the Assembly’s History.

There is a story told of a man who responded to being rudely stopped in traffic by stepping out of his car and slapped the person who did that.

When the ‘slapped one’ asked authoritatively, “do you know who I am”, the man replied; “of all humans on this earth, the only one I fear is Akwasi Agyemang and so I don’t care who you are”

Little did he know that he had just slapped his greatest fear, yes, standing before him was Akwasi Agyemang, the recipient of the slap.

Unusual of him, Akwasi Agyemang told his men to spare the man, so pacifying was the man’s admission of him being his scarecrow that the slap felt like a compliment.

In fact, at a point, all 46 Assemblymen in KMA signed a resolution not to work with him again due to how he administered the Assembly.

Affectionately called Okomkom Nana Akwasi Agyemang, he has spent every day of his life proving why he was not fit to lead the Asante yet had his eyes on leading the Asantes.

In view of the above negative records of which this article does not reflect even 10% of, when Otumfour Opoku Ware II was about to die, he blessed Kweku Duah as his successor instead of his brother.

Akwasi Agyemang

That thought was not binding on the Queen Mother because she is the one mandated by tradition to appoint. However, it fitted every aspect of the narrative, Kweku Duah was his son, he had spent most part of his life preparing for such a moment and never faulted: at least to the knowledge of the public.

As part of preparing him for such a moment, he was taken to Sehwi Wiawso instead of the prestigious Prempeh College or Opoku Ware Secondary School purposely to undergo training from the Chief of Sehwi Wiaso. Sehwi Wiawso was part of the Asante Kingdom until they rebelled against the Asantes and accepted the British flag in 1874.

When it became apparent that he was going to be the next Ruler of Asante, Akwasi Agyemang would try to overturn it with what he knew best: violence.

With a visible threat of the life of Kweku Duah, protection was needed and fast, the then Regional Minister, Kojo Yankah acted swiftly, deployed military men for his protection until his coronation.

Without the backing of the Regional Minister, his own party man, the last-ditch effort proved futile.

Defeat to the NDC in the 2000 elections effectively ended the nonsense.

This is how it all started for the man who has brought even more dignity to the already dignified Asanteman 20 years on.

Isaac Kyei Andoh / isaackyeiandoh@yahoo.com


Editor’s Note:

This is how Otomfou’s nomination was reported in the media on March 29, 1999:

Nana Kwaku Dua, 49, a business executive, and son of Nana Afia Kobi Serwah Ampem the second, Asantehemaa, was on Monday nominated as the successor to Otumfuo Opoku ware the second, the late Asantehene who died on Thursday, February 25.

At a meeting of the Kumasi traditional council at the Manhyia palace in Kumasi, the Gyaase division of the council comprising Gyaase, Mawere Ankobea and Nkosuo, was asked by custom to contact the Asantehemaa, the regent, to nominate a successor. A delegation from the Gyaase division led by the Saamanhene, Nana Saaman Nantwi the second, went to the Asantehemaa and after consultations nominated her son, Nana Duah who was introduced to the Gyaase division.

Immediately Nana Duah was accepted by the Gyaase, his supporters poured powder on him and sent him to his private residence at Dichemso, a suburb of Kumasi where jubilations which started earlier continued. Nana Duah told newsmen: ‘ “I was nominated not because I am the son of the Asantehemaa but because I am the most popular choice of the people”.

By custom, Nana Duah will be introduced to the Kumasi traditional council this week. If he is accepted the council will further introduce him to the Asanteman Council before being confined for 40 days prior to his installation and enstoolment.

Seven royals of the Golden Stool were tipped for consideration.They were Nana Akwasi Agyemang, Kumasi Metropolitan Chief Executive, Mr David Osei Yeboah, a quantity surveyor and his brother Dr James Yeboah, a Takoradi based medical practitioner.

Others were Nana Osei Tutu Owusu, a London based civil servant, Dr Isaac Kwame Takyi, a United States based engineer and Barima Osei Kwadwo.

Meanwhile Joy FM reports that the elders of Manhyia Palace are furious over an attempt by the government to influence the process of choosing the next Ashanti King. On Saturday night, Joy FM reports that a four-member government delegation met with palace elders, including the Queenmother and now the Regent of Ashanti, Nana Afia Serwaa Kobi, and told them that the President and the First Lady, wish that they choose the controversial Chief Executive of the Kumasi Metropolitan Authority, Nana Akwasi Agyeman, as the next king.

According to Joy, reliable palace sources say Nana Kobi and Nana Karikari have expressed indignation at the government’s intrusion. They said they won’t permit government officials to tell them who the king of their 300-year-old kingdom should be. Although Nana Akwasi Agyeman qualifies, along with at least half-a dozen others, to succeed Otumfuo Opoku Ware, many Ashantis find his personality too brash, and his association with the governing NDC too close for their comfort, the report said. Ghana?s constitution debars chiefs from dabbling in politics. This is to keep them above party political bias and safeguard the dignity of Ghana’s ancient chieftaincy.